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研究者

丸山 茂徳

丸山 茂徳
氏 名
丸山 茂徳
役 職
主任研究員
専門分野
地球史
E-mail
maruyama_at_elsi.jp
TEL
03-5734-2618

主要業績/受賞歴

主要業績

1. Maruyama, S., Ueda, Y., 1974. Schist xenoliths in ultrabasic body accompanied with the Kurosegawa tectonic zone in eastern Shikoku and their K-Ar ages. Jour. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol. 70, 47-52.

2. 丸山茂徳, 吉倉紳一, 佐藤浩一. (1976). 四国西部三波川帯の枕状溶岩流の構造. 地質学雑誌, 82, 607-608.

3. 丸山茂徳. (1976). 四国東部秩父帯沢谷緑色岩コンプレックスの化学的性質. 地質学雑誌, 82, 183-197.

4. Maruyama, S., 1976. A xenolith of garnet-clinopyroxene-feldspar-quartz assemblage in serpentinite accompanied with the Kurosegawa tectonic zone in central Shikoku (in Japanese with English abstract). Island-arc (Toko-kiban) 3, 59-63.

5. Maruyama, S., Ueda, Y., Banno, S., 1978. 208-240 m.y. old jadeite-glaucophane schists in the Kurosegawa tectonic zone near Kochi City, Shikoku (in Japanese with English abstract). Jour. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol. 73, 300-310.

6. Maruyama, S., Yamasaki, M., 1978. Paleozoic submarine volcanos in high P-T metamorphosed Chichibu system of eastern Shikoku, Japan. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 4, 199-216.

7. Maruyama, S., Shiraki, K., Komatsu, M., Tazaki, K., 1980. Petrography of an amphibolite dredged from Yap Trench. Jour. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol. 75, 117-120.

8. Maruyama, S., 1981. The Kurosegawa melange zone in the Ino district to the north of Kochi City, central Shikoku. Journal of Geological Society of Japan 87, 568-583.

9. Maruyama, S., 1981. The Kurosegawa serpentinite melange belt and its role on the evolution of southwest Japan. Journal of Geological Society of China Memoir 4, 269-279.

10. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., Suzuki, K., 1982. The peristerite gap in low-grade metamorphic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 81, 268-276.

11. Maruyama, S., Suzuki, K., Liou, J.G., 1983. Greenschist-amphibolite transition equilibria at low-pressures. Journal of Petrology 24, 583-604.

12. Maruyama, S., Banno, S., Matsuda, T., Nakajima, T., 1984. Kurosegawa zone and its bearing on the development of the Japanese Islands. Tectonophysics 110, 47-60.

13. Maruyama, S., Fujinawa, Y., Sakai, H., 1984. Tectonics of Asia (in Japanese). Monthly Magazine Earth 16, 475-485.

14. Seno, T., Maruyama, S., 1984. Paleogeographic reconstruction and origin of the Philippine Sea. Tectonophysics 102, 53-84.

15. Liou, J.G., Maruyama, S., Cho, M., 1985. Phase-equilibria and mineral parageneses of metabasites in low-grade metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 49, 321-333.

16. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1985. The stability of Ca-Na Pyroxene in low-grade metabasites of high-pressure intermediate facies series. American Mineralogist 70, 16-29.

17. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., Sasakura, Y., 1985. Low-temperature recrystallization of Franciscan greywackes from Pacheco-Pass, California. Mineralogical Magazine 49, 345-355.

18. Maruyama, S., Cho, M., Liou, J.G., 1986. Experimental investigations of blueschist-greenschist transition equilibria: Pressure dependence of Al203 contents in sodic amphiboles-A new geobarometer. Geological Society of America Memoirs 164, 1-16.

19. Maruyama, S., Seno, T., 1986. Orogeny and relative plate motions – Example of the Japanese Islands. Tectonophysics 127, 305-329.

20. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1987. Clinopyroxene – A mineral telescoped through the processes of Blueschist facies metamorphism. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 5, 529-552.

21. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1988. Petrology of Franciscan metabasites along the Jadeite Glaucophane type facies, Cazadero, California. Journal of Petrology 29, 1-37.

22. Liou, J.G., Maruyama, S., Wang, X., Graham, S., 1989. Precambrian blueschits in the world. Tectonophysics 181, 179-205.

23. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1989. POSSIBLE DEPTH LIMIT FOR UNDERPLATING BY A SEAMOUNT. Tectonophysics 160, 327-337.

24. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1989. Possible depth limit for underplating by seamount. Tectonophysics 160, 327-337.

25. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1989. Underplating barrier of seamount. Tectonophysics 160, 327-337.

26. Maruyama, S., Terabayashi, M., Fujioka, K., 1989. Origin and Emplacement of Ophiolite: A Review. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 98, 319-349. 丸山茂徳, 寺林優, 藤岡換太郎, 1989. 総説-オフィオライトの起源とエンプレイスメント-. 地学雑誌 98, 319-349.

27. Isozaki, Y., Maruyama, S., Furuoka, F., 1990. ACCRETED OCEANIC MATERIALS IN JAPAN. Tectonophysics 181, 179-205.

28. Liou, J.G., Maruyama, S., Wang, X., Graham, S., 1990. PRECAMBRIAN BLUESCHIST TERRANES OF THE WORLD. Tectonophysics 181, 97-111.

29. Nakajima, T., Maruyama, S., Uchiumi, S., Liou, J.G., Wang, X., Xiao, X., Graham, S.A., 1990. Evidence for late Proterozoic subduction from 700-myr-old Blueschists in China. Nature 346, 263-265.

30. Tatsumi, Y., Maruyama, S., Nohda, S., 1990. MECHANISM OF BACKARC OPENING IN THE JAPAN SEA – ROLE OF ASTHENOSPHERIC INJECTION. Tectonophysics 181, 299-306.

31. Isozaki, Y., Maruyama, S., 1991. Studies on orogeny based on plate tectonics in Japan and new geotectonic subdivision of the Japanese Islands (in Japanese with English abstract). Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zassi) 100, 697-761. 磯崎行雄, 丸山茂徳, 1991. 日本におけるプレート造山論の歴史と日本列島の新しい地帯構造区分. 地学雑誌 100, 697-761.

32. Maruyama, S., Isozaki, Y., Tominaga, N., Takeshita, H., Itaya, T., 1992. Application of the K-Ar method on the Franciscan complex in northern California and redefined geotectonic subdivision and boundaries. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGISTS BULLETIN 76, 425p.

33. Fukao, Y., Maruyama, S., Obayashi, M., Inoue, H., 1994. Geologic implication of the whole mantle P-wave tomography. Journal of Geological Society of Japan 100, 4-23.

34. Kumazawa, M., Maruyama, S., 1994. Whole earth tectonics. Journal of Geological Society of Japan 100, 81-102.

35. Maruyama, S., 1994. Plume tectonics. Journal of Geological Society of Japan 100, 24-49.

36. Maruyama, S., Kumazawa, M., Kawakami, S., 1994. Towards a new paradigm on the Earth’s dynamics. Journal of Geological Society of Japan 100, 1-3.

37. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., Zhang, R., 1994. Tectonic evolution of the ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) and high-pressure (HP) metamorphic belts from central China. Island Arc 3, 112-121.

38. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., Terabayashi, M., 1996. Blueschists and Eclogites of the World and their Exhumation. International Geology Review 38, 485-594.

39. Ohta, H., Maruyama, S., Takahashi, E., Watanabe, Y., Kato, Y., 1996. Field occurrence, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Archean mid-oceanic ridge basalts (AMORBs) of the Cleaverville area, Pilbara craton, western Australia. Lithos 37, 199-221.

40. Terabayashi, M., Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1996. Thermobaric structure of the Franciscan complex in the Pacheco Pass region, Diablo Range, California. Journal of Geology 104, 617-636.

41. Kimura, G., Maruyama, S., Isozaki, Y., Terabayashi, M., 1996. Well-preserved underplating structure of the jadeitized Franciscan complex, Pacheco Pass, California. Geology 24, 75-78.

42. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., Terabayashi, M., 1996. Blueschists and Eclogites of the World and their Exhumation. International Geology Review 38, 485-594.

43. Terabayashi, M., Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1996. Thermobaric structure of the Franciscan complex in the Pacheco Pass region, Diablo Range, California. Journal of Geology 104, 617-636.

44. Ernst, W. G., Maruyama, S., and Wallis, S., 1997. Buoyancy-driven, rapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphosed continental crust. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 9532-9537.

45. Komiya, A., Maruyama, S., 1997. Igneous sctibity of Archean Mid-Ocean Ridge: Constraints to Composition and Temperature of Archean mantle. Volcano 42, S247-S258. 小宮剛, 丸山茂徳, 1997. 古代中央海嶺火成活動:太古代マントルの組成と温度の束縛条件. 火山 42, S247-S258.

46. Liou, J. G., Maruyama, S., and Ernst, W. G., 1997. Seeing a Mountain in a Grain of Garnet. Science 276, 48-49.

47. Maruyama, S., Isozaki, Y., Kimura, G., and Terabayashi, M., 1997. Paleogeographic maps of the Japanese Islands:Plate tectonic synthesis from 750 Ma to present. The Island Arc 6, 121-142.

48. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 1998. Initiation of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and its significance on the Proterozoic-Phanerozoic boundary. Island Arc 7, 6-35.

49. Maruyama, S., Nutman, A.P., Morikawa, T., Tabata, H., Liou, J.G., 1998. SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks of the Dabie mountains, central China. Continental Dynamics 3, 72-85.

50. Maruyama, S., Yurimoto, H., Sueno, S., 1998. Spinel-bearing chondrules in the Allende meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33, A98-A98.

51. Okamoto, K., Maruyama, S., 1998. Multi-anvil re-equilibration experiments of a Dabie Shan ultrahigh-pressure eclogite within the diamond-stability fields. Island Arc 7, 52-69.

52. Terabayashi, M., Maruyama, S., 1998. Large pressure gap between the Coastal and Central Franciscan belts, northern and central California. Tectonophysics 285, 87-101.

53. Komiya, T., Maruyama, S., Masuda, T., Nohda, S., Hayashi, M., Okamoto, K., 1999. Plate tectonics at 3.8-3.7 Ga: Field evidence from the Isua Accretionary Complex, southern West Greenland. Journal of Geology 107, 515-554.

54. Maruyama, S., Yurimoto, H., Sueno, S., 1999. Oxygen isotope evidence regarding the formation of spinel-bearing chondrules. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 169, 165-171.

55. Okamoto, K., Maruyama, S., 1999. The high-pressure synthesis of lawsonite in the MORB+H2O system. American Mineralogist 84, 362-373.

56. Kaneko, Y., Maruyama, S., Terabayashi, M., Yamamoto, H., Ishikawa, M., Anma, R., Parkinson, C.D., Ota, T., Nakajima, Y., Katayama, I., Yamamoto, J., Yamauchi, K., 2000. Geology of the Kokchetav UHP-HP metamorphic belt, Northern Kazakhstan. Island Arc 9, 264-283.

57. Maruyama, S., Parkinson, C.D., 2000. Overview of the geology, petrology and tectonic framework of the high-pressure-ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic belt of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan. Island Arc 9, 439-455.

58. Komiya, T., Maruyama, S., Hirata, T., Yurimoto, H., 2002. Petrology and geochemistry of MORB and OIB in the mid-Archean North Pole region, Pilbara craton, western Australia: Implications for the composition and temperature of the upper mantle at 3.5 Ga. International Geology Review 44, 988-1016.

59. Katayama, I., Maruyama, S., 2003. Inclusion study in zircon from ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks: An excellent tracer of metamorphic history. Recent Res. Devel. Stat. Phys 3, 1-23.

60. Kitajima, K., Maruyama, S., Omori, S., 2003. Estimation of an environment for early life. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 67, A221-A221.

61. Maruyama, S., 2003. History of the Earth and life. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 67, A274-A274.

62. Maruyama, S., Yurimoto, H., 2003. Relationship among O, Mg isotopes and the petrography of two spinel-bearing compound chondrules. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 67, 3943-3957.

63. Komiya, T., Maruyama, S., Hirata, T., Yurimoto, H., Nohda, S., 2004. Geochemistry of the oldest MORB and OIB in the Isua Supracrustal Belt, southern West Greenland: Implications for the composition and temperature of early Archean upper mantle. Island Arc 13, 47-72.

64. Maruyama, S., Masago, H., Katayama, I., Iwase, Y., Toriumi, M., 2004. A Revolutionary New Interpretation of a Regional Metamorphism, its Exhumation, and Consequent Mountain Building. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 113, 727-768. 丸山茂徳, 真砂英樹, 片山郁夫, 岩瀬康幸, 鳥海光弘. (2004). 広域変成作用論の革新的変貌. 地学雑誌. 113, 5, 727-768.

65. Maruyama, S., Omori, S., Iwase, Y., 2004. On-going Regional Metamorphism beneath the Japanese Islands. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 113, 600-616. 丸山茂徳, 大森聡一, 岩瀬康幸. (2004). 日本列島直下で現在進行中の広域変成作用. 地学雑誌. 113, 5, 600-616.

66. Maruyama, S., Tsubaki, K., Taira, K., Sakai, S., 2004. Artificial upwelling of deep seawater using the perpetual salt fountain for cultivation of ocean desert. Journal of Oceanography 60, 563-568.

67. Maruyama, S., Liou, J.G., 2005. From snowball to Phaneorozic Earth. International Geology Review 47, 775-791.

68. Maruyama, S., 2007. Mt. Fuji between Two Great Waves by Katsushika Hokusai (1831-1833). Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 116, Plate1-Plate2. 丸山茂徳, 2007. 葛飾北斎の浮世絵,俗称『波間の富士』(1831-1833年頃). 地學雜誌 116, Plate1-Plate2.

69. Maruyama, S., Eguchi, T., Kasahara, J., Geshi, N., Matsumoto, J., Matsuyama, H., Yamakawa, S., 2007. Preface for the Special Issue on “Water; from the Earth’s Core to Planetary Space”. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 116, 1-6. 丸山茂徳, 江口孝雄, 笠原順三, 下司信夫, 松本淳, 松山洋, 山川修治, 2007. はじめに : 特集号『水;地球中心核から大気まで』. 地學雜誌 116, 1-6.

70. Maruyama, S., Okamoto, K., 2007. Water transportation from the subducting slab into the mantle transition zone. Gondwana Res. 11, 148-165.

71. Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., 2007. Island arcs: Past and present. Gondwana Res. 11, 3-6.

72. Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., Zhao, D., 2007. Superplume, supercontinent, and post-perovskite: Mantle dynamics and anti-plate tectonics on the Core-Mantle Boundary. Gondwana Res. 11, 7-37.

73. Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., 2008. Models on Snowball Earth and Cambrian explosion: A synopsis. Gondwana Res. 14, 22-32.

74. Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., 2008. Snowball earth to cambrian explosion. Gondwana Res. 14, 1-4.

75. Rino, S., Kon, Y., Sato, W., Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., Zhao, D., 2008. The Grenvillian and Pan-African orogens: World’s largest orogenies through geologic time, and their implications on the origin of superplume. Gondwana Res. 14, 51-72.

76. Katayama, I., Maruyama, S., 2009. Inclusion study in zircon from ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks in the Kokchetav massif: an excellent tracer of metamorphic history. Journal of the Geological Society 166, 783-796.

77. Kawai, K., Tsuchiya, T., Tsuchiya, J., Maruyama, S., 2009. Lost primordial continents. Gondwana Res. 16, 581-586.

78. Maruyama, S., Hasegawa, A., Santosh, M., Kogiso, T., Omori, S., Nakamura, H., Kawai, K., Zhao, D., 2009. The dynamics of big mantle wedge, magma factory, and metamorphic-metasomatic factory in subduction zones. Gondwana Res. 16, 414-430.

79. Santosh, M., Maruyama, S., Omori, S., 2009. A fluid factory in solid Earth. Lithosphere 1, 29-33.

80. Santosh, M., Maruyama, S., Sato, K., 2009. Anatomy of a Cambrian suture in Gondwana: Pacific-type orogeny in southern India? Gondwana Res. 16, 321-341.

81. Santosh, M., Maruyama, S., Yamamoto, S., 2009. The making and breaking of supercontinents: Some speculations based on superplumes, super downwelling and the role of tectosphere. Gondwana Res. 15, 324-341.

82. Kawai, K., Tsuchiya, T., Maruyama, S., 2010. The Second Continent (in Japanese with English abstract). Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zassi) 119, 1197-1214. 河合研志, 土屋卓久, 丸山茂徳, 2010. 第2大陸. 地学雑誌 119, 1197-1214.

83. Maruyama, S., Masago, H., Katayama, I., Iwase, Y., Toriumi, M., Omori, S., Aoki, K., 2010. A new perspective on metamorphism and metamorphic belts. Gondwana Res. 18, 106-137.

84. Safonova, I., Maruyama, S., Hirata, T., Kon, Y., Rino, S., 2010. LA ICP MS U-Pb ages of detrital zircons from Russia largest rivers: Implications for major granitoid events in Eurasia and global episodes of supercontinent formation. Journal of Geodynamics 50, 134-153.

85. Suzuki, K., Maruyama, S., Yamamoto, S., Omori, S., 2010. Have the Japanese Islands grown?: Five “Japan”s were born, and four “Japan”s subducted into the mantle (in Japanese with English abstract). Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zassi) 119, 1173-1196. 鈴木和恵, 丸山茂徳, 山本伸次, 大森総一, 2010. 日本列島の大陸地殻は成長したのか?-5つの日本が生まれ、4つの日本が沈み込み消滅した-. 地学雑誌 119, 1173-1196.

86. Windley, B.F., Maruyama, S., Xiao, W.J., 2010. DELAMINATION/THINNING OF SUB-CONTINENTAL LITHOSPHERIC MANTLE UNDER EASTERN CHINA: THE ROLE OF WATER AND MULTIPLE SUBDUCTION. American Journal of Science 310, 1250-1293.

87. Isozaki, Y., Maruyama, S., Nakama, T., Yamamoto, S., Yanai, S., 2011. Growth and Shrinkage of an Active Continental Margin: Updated Geotectonic History of the Japanese Islands (in Japanese with English abstract). Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zassi) 120, 65-99. 磯崎行雄, 丸山茂徳, 中間隆晃, 山本伸次, 柳井修一, 2011. 活動的大陸縁の肥大と縮小の歴史-日本列島形成史アップデイト-. 地学雑誌 120, 65-99.

88. Maruyama, S., Komiya, T., 2011. The Oldest Pillow Lavas, 3.8-3.7 Ga from the Isua Supracrustal Belt, SW Greenland Plate Tectonics Had Already Begun by 3.8 Ga. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 120, 869-876. 丸山茂徳, 小宮剛, 2011. 38-37億年前のグリーンランド・イスア表成岩帯にみられる世界最古の枕状溶岩―プレートテクトニクスは38億年前にはすでに始まっていた―. 地学雑誌 120, 869-876.

89. Maruyama, S., Omori, S., Senshu, H., Kawai, K., Windley, B.F., 2011. Pacific-type Orogens New Concepts and Variations in Space and Time from Present to Past. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 120, 115-223. 丸山茂徳, 大森聡一, 千秋博紀, 河合研志, Windley, B.F., 2011. 太平洋型造山帯―新しい概念の提唱と地球史における時空分布―. 地学雑誌 120, 115-223.

90. Maruyama, S., Utsunomiya, A., Ishikawa, A., 2011. Ontong – Java Plateau, the World’s largest Oceanic Plateau, Has Been Subducted 50%, with the Remaining 50% on the Surface, and with a < 1% Accretion on the Hanging Wall of the Solomon Islands. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 120, 1035-1044. 丸山茂徳, 宇都宮敦, 石川晃, 2011. 世界最大のサイズのオントンジャワ海台は約50%すでにマントルに沈み込み,残りは西太平洋プレートの表層に残存するが,上盤側プレートに全体の質量の1%以下しかソロモン諸島付加体に付加していない. 地学雑誌 120, 1035-1044.

91. Maruyama, S., Yabuki, T., Sato, T., Tsubaki, K., Komiya, A., Watanabe, M., Kawamura, H., Tsukamoto, K., 2011. Evidences of increasing primary production in the ocean by Stommel’s perpetual salt fountain. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers 58, 567-574.

92. Maruyama, S., 2012. Classification of Orogenic Belts: Constraints on the Reconstruction of Paleo-geotectonic Environments Additional Remarks on “Maruyama et al. (2011): Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi), vol. 120, 115-223″. Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 121, 1090-1106. 丸山茂徳, 2012. 造山帯の分類とその意義:古造構場復元の束縛条件―「丸山ほか:太平洋型造山帯 ―新しい概念の提唱と地球史における時空分布―」論文(地学雑誌, 120巻, 115-223)の追記―. 地学雑誌 121, 1090-1106.

93. Maruyama, S., Sawaki, Y., Ebisuzaki, T., Ikoma, M., Omori, S., Komabayashi, T., 2014. Initiation of leaking Earth: An ultimate trigger of the Cambrian Explosion. Gondwana Research, 25, 910-944.

94. Santosh, M., Maruyama, S., Sawaki, Y., Meert, J.G., 2014. The Cambrian Explosion: Plume-driven birth of the second ecosystem on Earth. Gondwana Research, 25, 945-965.

95. Maruyama, S., Sawaki, Y., Ebisuzaki, T., Ikoma, M., Omori, S., Komabayashi, T., Initiation of leaking Earth: An ultimate trigger of the Cambrian Explosion. Gondwana Res. In press

96. Santosh, M., Maruyama, S., Sawaki, Y., Meert, J.G., The Cambrian Explosion: Plume-driven birth of the second ecosystem on Earth. Gondwana Res.in press

97.Igisu, M., Komiya, T., Kawashima, M., Nakashima, S., Ueno, Y., Han, J., Shu, D., Li, Y., Guo, J., Maruyama, S., Takai, K., 2014. FTIR microspectroscopy of Ediacaran phosphatized microfossils from the Doushantuo Formation, Weng’an, South China. Gondwana Research, 25, 1120-1138.

98.Dohm, J.M., Maruyama, S., Habitable Trinity, Geoscience Frontiers, in press.

99.Kataoka, R., Ebisuzaki, T., Miyahara, H., Nimura, T., Tomida, T., Sato, T., Maruyama, S., 2014. The Nebula Winter: The united view of the snowball Earth, mass extinctions, and explosive evolution in the late Neoproterozoic and Cambrian periods. Gondwana Research, 25, 1153-1163.

100.Kataoka, R., Ebisuzaki, T., Miyahara, H., Nimura, T., Tomida, T., Sato, T., Maruyama, S., 2014. The Nebula Winter: The united view of the snowball Earth, mass extinctions, and explosive evolution in the late Neoproterozoic and Cambrian periods. Gondwana Research, 25, 1153-1163.

101.Kikumoto, R., Tahata, M., Nishizawa, M., Sawaki, Y., Maruyama, S., Shu, D., Han, J., Komiya, T., Takai, K., Ueno, Y., 2014. Nitrogen isotope chemostratigraphy of the Ediacaran and Early Cambrian platform sequence at Three Gorges, South China. Gondwana Research, 25,1057-1069.

102.Okada, Y., Sawaki, Y., Komiya, T., Hirata, T., Takahata, N., Sano, Y., Han, J., Maruyama, S., 2014. New chronological constraints for Cryogenian to Cambrian rocks in the Three Gorges, Weng’an and Chengjiang areas, South China. Gondwana Research, 25, 1027-1044.

103.Yamada, K., Ueno, Y., Yamada, K., Komiya, T., Han, J., Shu, D., Yoshida, N., Maruyama, S., 2014. Molecular fossils extracted from the Early Cambrian section in the Three Gorges area, South China. Gondwana Research, 25, 1108-1119.

104.Shibuya, T., Tahata, M., Ueno, Y., Komiya, T., Takai, K., Yoshida, N., Maruyama, S., Russell, M.J., 2013. Decrease of seawater CO2 concentration in the Late Archean: An implication from 2.6 Ga seafloor hydrothermal alteration. Precambrian Research, 236, 59-64.

105.Nohda, S., Wang, B.-S., You, C.-F., Isozaki, Y., Uchio, Y., Buslov, M.M., Maruyama, S., 2013. The oldest (Early Ediacaran) Sr isotope record of mid-ocean surface seawater: Chemostratigraphic correlation of a paleo-atoll limestone in southern Siberia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 77, 66-76.

106.Suda, K., Ueno, Y., Yoshizaki, M., Nakamura, H., Kurokawa, K., Nishiyama, E., Yoshino, K., Hongoh, Y., Kawachi, K., Omori, S., Yamada, K., Yoshida, N., Maruyama, S., 2014. Origin of methane in serpentinite-hosted hydrothermal systems: The CH4–H2–H2O hydrogen isotope systematics of the Hakuba Happo hot spring. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 386, 112-125.

107.Shu, D., Isozaki, Y., Zhang, X., Han, J., Maruyama, S., 2014. Birth and early evolution of metazoans. Gondwana Research, 25, 884-895.

108.Isozaki, Y., Shu, D. G., Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., 2014. Beyond the Cambrian explosion: From galaxy to genome, Gondwana Research, 25, 881-883.

109.El-Maarry, M.R., Dohm, J.M., Michael, G., Thomas, N., and Maruyama, S., 2013, Morphology and evolution of the ejecta of Hale crater in Argyre basin, Mars: results from high resolution mapping. Icarus, 226, 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.07.014, 905-922.

110.Fujisaki, W., Isozaki, Y., Maki, K., Sakata, S., Hirata, T., Maruyama, S., 2014. Age spectra of detrital zircon of the Jurassic clastic rocks of the Mino-Tanba AC belt in SW Japan: Constraints to the provenance of the mid-Mesozoic trench in East Asia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 88, 62-73.

111.Saito, T., Okada, Y., Fujisaki, W., Sawaki, Y., Sakata, S., Dohm, J., Maruyama, S., Hirata, T., 2014. Accreted Kula plate fragment at 94Ma in the Yokonami-Melange, Shimanto-Belt, Shikoku, Japan. Tectonophysics. In press

112.Safonova, I., Maruyama, S., 2014. Asia: a frontier for a future supercontinent Amasia. International Geology Review. Accepted.

113.Ebisuzaki. T., Maruyama, S., 2014. United Theory of Biological Evolution: Disaster-forced Evolution through Supernova, Radioactive Ash Fall-Outs, Genome Instability, and Mass Extinctions. Geoscience Frontiers, Accepted.

114.Kawai, K., Yamamoto, S., Tsuchiya, T., Maruyama, S., 2013. The second continent: Existence of granitic continental materials around the bottom of the mantle transition zone. Geoscience Frontiers, 4, 1-6.

115.Iizuka, T., Campbell, I.H., Allen, C.M., Gill, J.B., Maruyama, S., Makoka, F., 2013. Evolution of the African continental crust as recorded by U–Pb, Lu–Hf and O isotopes in detrital zircons from modern rivers. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 107, 96-120.

116.Terabayashi, M., Matsui, T., Okamoto, K., Ozawa, H., Kaneko, Y., Maruyama, S., 2013. Micro-X-ray absorption near edge structure determination of Fe3+/sigma Fe in omphacite inclusion within garnet from Dabie eclogite, East-Central China. Island Arc, 22, 37-50.

117.Yamamoto, H., Terabayashi, M., Okura, H., Matsui, T., Kaneko, Y., Ishikawa, M., Maruyama, S., 2013. Northward extrusion of the ultrahigh-pressure units in the southern Dabie metamorphic belt, east-central China. Island Arc, 22, 51-62.

118.Yamamoto, S., Komiya, T., Yamamoto, H., Kaneko, Y., Terabayashi, M., Katayama, I., Iizuka, T., Maruyama, S., Yang, J.S., Kon, Y., Hirata, T., 2013. Recycled crustal zircons from podiform chromitites in the Luobusa ophiolite, southern Tibet. Island Arc, 22, 89-103.

119.Ishikawa, T., Ueno, Y., Shu, D., Li, Y., Han, J., Guo, J., Yoshida, N., Maruyama, S., Komiya, T., 2014. The δ13C excursions spanning the Cambrian explosion to the Canglangpuian mass extinction in the Three Gorges area, South China. Gondwana Research, 25, 1045-1056.

120.Sawaki, Y., Tahata, M., Ohno, T., Komiya, T., Hirata, T., Maruyama, S., Han, J., Shu, D., 2014. The anomalous Ca cycle in the Ediacaran ocean: Evidence from Ca isotopes preserved in carbonates in the Three Gorges area, South China. Gondwana Research, 25, 1070-1089.

121.Li, Y.B., Kimura, J.I., Machida, S., Ishii, T., Ishiwatari, A., Maruyama, S., Qiu, H.N., Ishikawa, T., Kato, Y., Haraguchi, S., Takahata, N., Hirahara, Y., Miyazaki, T., 2013. High-Mg Adakite and Low-Ca Boninite from a Bonin Fore-arc Seamount: Implications for the Reaction between Slab Melts and Depleted Mantle. Journal of Petrology, 54, 1149-1175.

122.Kataoka, R., Ebisuzaki, T., Miyahara, H., Maruyama, S., 2013. Snowball Earth events driven by starbursts of the Milky Way Galaxy. New Astronomy 21, 50-62.

123.Tsuchiya, T., Kawai, K., Maruyama, S., 2013. Expanding-contracting Earth. Geoscience Frontiers 4, 341-347.

124.Aoki, K., Windley, B.F., Maruyama, S., Omori, S., 2013. Metamorphic P–T conditions and retrograde path of high-pressure Barrovian metamorphic zones near Cairn Leuchan, Caledonian orogen, Scotland. Geological Magazine FirstView, 1-13.

125.Kon, Y., Komiya, T., Anma, R., Hirata, T., Shibuya, T., Yamamoto, S., Maruyama, S., 2013. Petrogenesis of the ridge subduction-related granitoids from the Taitao Peninsula, Chile Triple Junction Area. Geochemical Journal 47, 167-183.

研究概要

「宇宙の中で生命を育んだ地球は,どれほどユニークな存在なのか」という根本的な問いかけに取り組むためには,天文学,惑星科学,地質学,生物学,化学という分野の垣根を超え,学際的な視点で物事を見る必要があります。我々は生命の起源に関する研究の経験はありません。にもかかわらず、この分野に挑戦することを選択したのは、新たな視点での学際研究に新機軸を見出したからです。それは、私たちが,生物系研究者の視点とは異なった、生命誕生場の環境復元に世界で一番詳しい位置にいるからです。研究は、(1)惑星系研究者(理論と惑星地質)が起源に携わり、(2)地球史研究者が最古地球の記録と隕石研究の背景から原始地球環境を復元し、(3)ゲノム生物学者が現世生物のゲノムから最古生物の代謝、膜、自己複製プログラムを推定することによって、実験生物学の一連の計画を練り、具体的実験を開始します。

生命と地球の歴史はこれまで何回か、著書という形式で纏められてきました。1970年代以前は、年代測定の不備と野外調査の方法論に問題を抱えていたために、神秘的な科学の時代にならざるを得ませんでした。精度の高い放射性年代学が確立し、プレート境界過程の研究が地質学に浸透すると、先カンブリア時代の研究が急激に加速し、生命と地球の歴史の研究は一変し、様々な視点と専門分野から著作がなされてきましたが、総合科学的視点でのまとめが試みられたことはありませんでした。

丸山を中心に、付加体地質学、放射性年代学―地球化学(SIMS + LA-ICP=MS)、古生物学、岩石学、古地磁気、地球物理学、惑星科学を組み合わせた総合研究が1990年から日本を中心に、世界25か国、約30研究機関の国際共同研究として始まり、最初の地球生命史が提唱されました(丸山・磯崎、1998)。その後、研究は20年以上続き現在に至り、その間、地球生命史モデルは幾らか改訂されてきました(Maruyama et all., 2002; 2008, 2013)。東工大を中心として進められてきたこのモデルの特徴は、固体地球と表層環境、更に生命進化がシステムとして同期して、カタストロフ的で一方向に向かう進化を起こしてきたことです。その一方向の進化の特異点を取り上げて「地球史7大事件」と呼びます。

次の課題は、宇宙変動と太陽の役割に焦点をあてて地球の起源と生命の誕生に取り組み、さらに原始大気と海洋の組成と量の進化と生命進化との関係を解明することです。これまで定量化できなかった「地球史7大事件」のシステム変動の定量化も課題のひとつです。

最終的なゴールは、地球―生命惑星学の体系化であり、宇宙でどのような初期条件が与えられると惑星の表面で生命が生まれ、更にどのような付帯的条件がそろうと大型生命へと進化し、脳が発達して、文明を持つ惑星が生まれるのか、その普遍的な条件を解明することが宇宙生物学のゴールです。